Europe’s Energy Security: Options and Challenges to Natural Gas Supply Diversification (CRS report)
This report focuses on
potential approaches that Europe might employ to diversify its
sources of natural gas supply, Russia’s role in Europe’s natural
gas policies, and key factors that could hinder efforts to develop
alternative suppliers of natural gas. The report assesses the
potential suppliers of natural gas to Europe and the short- to
medium-term hurdles needed to be overcome for those suppliers to be
credible, long-term providers of natural gas to Europe. The report
looks at North Africa, potentially the most realistic supply
alternative in the near-term, but notes that the region will have to
resolve its current political, economic, and security instability as
well as the internal structural changes to the natural gas industry.
Central Asia, which may have the greatest amounts of natural gas,
would need to construct lengthy pipelines through multiple countries
to move its natural gas to Europe.