The proposed Common Agricultural Policy for 2021-27 will introduce a number of changes to the current system of direct payments. This easy-to-use table allows you to compare and contrast elements of the new CAP with the current 2015-20 policy.
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CAP Monitor is the unique guide to the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and is available to all European Agriculture Policy channel subscribers.
CAP Monitor provides in-depth analysis and explanation of the various elements of the CAP by breaking it down into sections. It also includes relevant information and figures and interactive dashboards on member state implementation choices, among other features.
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The current EU reference prices (‘thresholds’) and other prices/rates for agricultural products/sectors are displayed in the table below.
The EU underwent six enlargements between 1973 and 2013, (see table below) and is committed to expanding yet further.
As well as multilateral agreements under the WTO and with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) and other developing countries, the EU also has specific preferential trade agreements with other countries and regions and is in the process of negotiating deals with others.
The original Treaty of Rome ensured close EU relations with the colonies and overseas territories of the original six member states. Between 1960 and 1975, the association was based on Conventions signed (mainly with former French colonies) at Yaoundé, involving mutual trade preferences, free movement of capital and European Development Fund aid
A clause in the 1994 WTO ‘Uruguay Round’ Agreement on Agriculture (Article 20) mandated members to enter into new negotiations from 2000 onwards, to pursue further “substantial reductions in support and protection”. Talks on further agricultural reforms began in early 2000 – but very limited progress has been made since then.
A key aspect of the current WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) is the agreement to impose disciplines on domestic support payments to agricultural producers. Such subsidies are not related directly to trade, although recognition of the major indirect impact which domestic subsidies have on agricultural trade distortion was one of the key breakthroughs in the Uruguay Round negotiations which led to the Agreement being concluded back in 1993.
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