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CAP Monitor

CAP Reform comparison 2015-20 vs 2021-27: Direct Payments

The proposed Common Agricultural Policy for 2021-27 will introduce a number of changes to the current system of direct payments. This easy-to-use table allows you to compare and contrast elements of the new CAP with the current 2015-20 policy.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

CAP Monitor is the unique guide to the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and is available to all European Agriculture Policy channel subscribers.

CAP Monitor provides in-depth analysis and explanation of the various elements of the CAP by breaking it down into sections. It also includes relevant information and figures and interactive dashboards on member state implementation choices, among other features.

You can explore CAP Monitor by selecting an article below, following the related content to the right of the text or hyperlinks within articles, or by entering key words into the search tool.

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EU School Milk, Fruit and Vegetables Scheme

EU aid is payable for the supply of dairy, fruit and vegetable products to children in schools, under a special CAP scheme aimed at improving child nutrition and combating child obesity.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

EU Dairy Policy: Imports and Exports

The EU dairy sector is protected by a ‘Common Customs Tariff’ (CCT) which applies duties on imports, with products classed by ‘Combined Nomenclature’ (CN) code. Most imports require a license.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

Milk market relations and contracts

In 2012, the EU agreed to a revision of the CAP rules on contractual relations in the dairy sector, aimed at boosting the position of dairy farmers in the supply chain. This had its roots in the severe milk market crisis of 2009, during which dairy commodity prices fell significantly below production costs for a period of time. The new rules were also agreed in light of concerns about the possible market impact of the impending removal of production quotas in 2015.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

Milk quality regulations

EU rules are in place to safeguard health standards for liquid milk, dried milk, and also dried milk products not intended for human consumption. The rules apply to the processing and transport of products, and also limit imports to specified third countries which meet the required standards.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

Dairy: Direct Aid Payments

EU dairy farmers have received direct CAP aid since 2004. The aid was initially a stand-alone “’premium” payment, as compensation for phased cuts to the EU intervention price in 2004-2007, but in 2007 it was integrated into the CAP’s wider direct payment regime.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor

Marketing and Labelling of dairy products

EU definitions, designations and sales descriptions of milk and milk products are laid down in Annex VII of Regulation 1308/2013. The provisions, applying to EU and imported produce, are aimed at preventing misuse of dairy terminology by competing products. EU rules on organic milk are set by Reg. 834/2007 as amended.

European Agricultural Policy CAP Monitor
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