Core legislative framework: Council Directive 98/83/EC
Council Directive 98/83/EC of 3 November 1998 on the quality of water intended for human consumption defines the essential quality standards which such water must meet. Natural mineral waters and waters which are medicinal products are exempted from this Directive. The objective of the Directive is to protect human health from the adverse effects of any contamination of water by ensuring that it is wholesome and clean.
Latest Eurofood Monitor updates
Eurofood Monitor is a structured guide to EU food legislation available to subscribers to IEG Policy’s European Food Law channel.
Each section of Eurofood Monitor reviews the core legislative framework in place for each topic, and also includes, wherever appropriate, the relevant implementing Directives or Regulations.
You can explore Eurofood Monitor by selecting an article below, following the related content to the right of the text or hyperlinks within articles, or by entering key words into the search tool
The task of implementing new legislation on food within the EU, or of adapting existing legislation, is delegated to a range of bodies within the EU’s institutional framework.
The body entrusted with general oversight of all questions related to food safety is the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Based in Parma, Italy, it was set up in 2002 after a number of food crises in the late 1990s (Regulation 178/2002). Full details on EFSA’s remit and its modes of working are set out below.
Core legislative framework: Regulation (EC) No 396/2005
Regulation (EC) No 396/2005 establishes in one single instrument the maximum quantities of pesticide residues permitted in products of animal or vegetable origin intended for human or animal consumption. These maximum residue levels (MRLs) include, on the one hand, MRLs which are specific to particular foodstuffs intended for human or animal consumption and, on the other, a general limit which applies where no specific MRL has been set. The objective is to ensure that pesticide residues in foodstuffs do not constitute an unacceptable risk for both consumer and animal health. Most recent amendments to this Regulation were entered by Regulation EU No 2019/973.
Core legislative framework: Regulation (EU) No 2015/2283
Regulation (EU) No 2015/2283 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 November 2015 on novel foods has repealed and replaced, since 1 January 2018, Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 1997 establishing rules “on novel foods and novel food ingredients”.
Core regulatory framework: Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004
Regulation (EC) No 1935/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 October 2004 on materials and articles intended to come into contact with food, which repeals Directives 80/590/EEC and 89/109/EEC, aims at guaranteeing a high level of protection of human health and the interests of consumers with regard to the placing on the Community market of materials and articles intended to come into contact with food either directly or indirectly.
Core legislative framework: Regulation (EC) No 882/2004
Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 governs official controls performed to ensure the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules.
Core legislative framework: Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012
Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 lays down measures to strengthen, adapt and develop schemes that identify Europe’s quality agricultural products and foodstuffs. It includes measures to support agricultural and processing activities as well as the farming systems associated with high-quality products, in line with EU rural development policy objectives.
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